Case Jerusalem

Additional Information

Jerusalem is a city like no other. The city was founded in ca. 1010 BCE by King David and it became the capital of the United Kingdom of Israel. 

Since the rebirth of the State of Israel and its independence war in 1948 Jerusalem has been under continuous threat and attacks from the neighbours and the international community. 

It is a paradoxical truth that Jerusalem was annexed to Israel due to military attacks initiated by Arab countries, never as a result of Israeli aggressions. Since the Six-day war in June 1967, the whole Jerusalem has been under Israeli control, and on July 30, 1980 (17th Av. 5740) the Knesset passed the Jerusalem law officially annexing the East Jerusalem to Israel.

On October 23, 1995 the United States Congress adopted the Jerusalem Embassy Act, a law that recognized Jerusalem as the capital of the State of Israel and called for Jerusalem to remain an undivided city. 

The law allowed the President to invoke a six-month waiver of the application of the law, and reissue the waiver every six months on "national security" grounds. The waiver was repeatedly renewed by Presidents Clinton, Bush, and Obama. Also President Donald Trump signed a waiver in June 2017, but on December 6, 2017, he recognized Jerusalem as Israel's capital, and ordered the planning of the relocation of the embassy, which took place on May 14th, 2017, on the 70th anniversary of the independence of the State of Israel.

On Dec 25, 2017 the president of Guatemala Jimmy Morales announced his country will also relocate its embassy to Jerusalem. This move took place on May 16, 2018, two days after the inauguration of the U.S. embassy.

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